What is a Home Automation System?


Home automation system involves automatic controlling of all electrical or electronic devices in homes or even remotely through Wireless Communication. It makes the operations of different home appliances more suitable and saves energy. With the concept of energy saving, home automation makes life very easy nowadays. Centralized control of lighting equipments, video/audio systems, air conditioning and heating, security systems, kitchen appliances and all other equipments used in home systems is possible with this system.

This system is mainly implemented by actuators, Sensors and controlling devices as shown in the figure. The Sensors can be photo detectors, level sensors, thermocouples or thermistors, pressure sensors, current transformers ( CT ), IR sensors, etc., which need an additional signal conditioning equipment to communicate with the main controller. The sensors detects light, motion, temperature and other sensing elements, and then send that data to the main controlling devices.

How Does Home Automation Work?

Home automation systems are composed of hardware, communication and electronic interfaces that work to integrate electrical devices with one another. Domestic activities can then be regulated with the touch of a button. From any remote location, users can adjust the controls on home entertainment systems, limit the amount of sunlight given to houseplants, or change the temperatures in certain rooms. Home automation software is often connected through computer networks so that users can adjust settings on their personal devices.

The three main elements of a home security system are sensors, controllers and actuators. Sensors can monitor changes in daylight, temperature or motion detection; home automation systems can then adjust settings to the preferred levels of a user. Controllers refer to the devices personal computers, tablets or smartphones used to send and receive messages about the status of automated features in users’ homes. Actuators may be light switches, motors or motorized valves that control a mechanism or function of a home automation system.

Types of Home Automation Systems

Implementation of the home automation system depends on the type of controls like wired or wireless. There are mainly three types of home automation systems:

  1. Wireless System
  2. Power line Based Home Automation
  3. BUS Cable or Wired Home Automation

What are the benefits of an automated home?

The benefits of home automation are many. The first and often most persuasive benefit of home automation is the convenience factor. There is just nothing like being able to communicate with your home remotely, from wherever you are. A smart home is truly the next level in convenience and customization. However, not to be glossed over are some of the ancillary benefits of home automation.

One of the greatest advantages of home automation systems is that users can protect against break-ins and fires, while enjoying automations for lights, temperature, and more.

Home automation systems are becoming more and more affordable. Not only are prices decreasing, but operating systems are also become less complex so that users can readily master all the controls associated with their safety and security devices. Home automation commands can now be given through smartphones, tablets, and televisions, in addition to computers.

Whether you have a large family or are a household of one, home automation is an attainable solution to your safety and security concerns. After the professional installation of a home automation system, you can begin to enjoy the benefits of leaving or returning to a safer and smarter home.